Common feet problem


Inflamed ankles, (πρησμενα ποδια) feet and legs

Swelling in the ankles, feet or legs usually disappears on its own. See a general practitioner if it does not improve in a couple of days.
Usual causes of puffy ankle joints, feet and legs

Swelling in the ankle joints, feet and legs is typically triggered by an accumulation of liquid in these locations, called oedema.

Oedema is generally triggered by:

standing or sitting in the exact same placement for too lengthy
consuming way too much salted food
being obese
being pregnant
taking specific medicines– such as some high blood pressure medicines, contraceptive pills, hormonal agent treatment, antidepressants or steroids

Oedema can also be brought on by:

an injury– such as a stress or sprain
an insect bite or sting
troubles with your kidneys, liver or heart
a blood clot
an infection


Learn more regarding swollen ankles, feet and fingers in pregnancy
Check if you have oedema

Signs of oedema include:
Inflamed ankles in a person with white skin. Both ankles look larger than usual.
Swollen or puffy ankle joints, feet or legs.

A puffy foot in someone with white skin, where the skin on top of the foot looks tight, stretched, smooth and a little red.
Shiny or stretched skin.

A puffy ankle in a person with black skin. The ankle joint looks larger than normal and is a darker colour than the skin surrounding it.
Changes in skin colour, discomfort, stiffness and dents when you continue the skin.
Just how to reduce swelling yourself

Swelling in your ankle joints, feet or legs need to disappear by itself, but there are some points you can attempt to help.

raise your legs or the puffy location on a chair or pillows when you can

obtain some mild workout, like walking, to enhance your blood flow

use vast, comfy footwear with a reduced heel and soft sole

laundry, dry and moisturise your feet to stay clear of infections


do not stand or sit for long periods of time.

do not wear clothing, socks or shoes that are too limited.

Non-urgent recommendations: See a GP if:.

1 or both of your ankles, foot or legs are swollen and:.

it has not enhanced after treating it in the house for a couple of days.
it becomes worse.

Immediate guidance: Request for an immediate general practitioner consultation or obtain aid from NHS 111 if:.

you have swelling in 1 ankle, foot or leg and there’s no evident cause, such as an injury.
the swelling is extreme, excruciating or begins extremely unexpectedly.
the inflamed area is red or feels hot to the touch.
your temperature level is really high, or you feel hot and shivery.
you have diabetics issues and your feet, ankles or legs are inflamed.

You can call 111 or get help from 111 online.
Immediate activity needed: Call 999 if:.

you feel breathless or are having a hard time to breathe.
your breast really feels tight, hefty or uncomfortable.
you’re spending blood.

You can have an embolism in your lungs, which needs instant treatment in healthcare facility.
Treatment for swelling and oedema.

Treatment for swelling or oedema that does not disappear by itself will certainly depend on the cause. Your GP can aid you with the best therapy.


What are flat feet (πλατυποδια)?

Feet generally have a contour or arch between. Flat feet have little or no arc. Flat feet can also be experienced as a result of dropped, level or fell down arches.

Level feet, in and of themselves do not automatically cause lower body problem. However, if you have flat feet, you might be extra susceptible to a number of lower body concerns, especially as you age. If you have level feet, they may burn out and achy.

There are a variety of aspects that can contribute to level feet and while the condition can be unpleasant, below are some pointers for lowering pain. Solutions vary from basic lifestyle changes to prescription therapies.
1- Lifestyle changes.

Preserve a healthy weight– Excess weight can contribute to flat feet. If you’re obese, going down extra pounds can take stress off your feet and help reduce pain.
Limitation standing– Avoid standing for extended periods of time as this can exacerbate level feet.
Go reduced impact– Adhere to reduced influence tasks, like swimming or cycling, because high impact exercises like running can put excruciating stress on the feet.

2- Shoes, orthotics and insoles.

Pick excellent footwear– Wear shoes that have great arc support in all times and stay clear of walking or standing barefoot.
Obtain support with orthotics– Consider utilizing orthotic inserts to sustain your arc. Dr. Scholl’s ® Pain Alleviation Orthotics for Arch Pain are developed to provide long-lasting remedy for arch pain.
Include insoles– Utilizing soles can improve the efficiency of your footwear, providing extra comfort and assistance for your various tasks.
Dr. Scholl’s ® Tri-Comfort ® Insoles offer additional cushioning and support on the arch along with the heel and ball of the foot.
Dr. Scholl’s ® Extra Assistance Soles are designed especially for big and tall males and assist disperse body weight more equally to minimize pressure on the feet.
If you exercise at home or at the fitness center or if you play in group sports, consider Dr. Scholl’s ® Sporting activity Insoles. They help absorb shock and lower foot fatigue.

3- Extending.

Foot flex and massage– Carefully flex one foot using your hands to pull your toes back lightly. Hold for a number of seconds and after that massage therapy the bottom of the foot. Do this on both feet 5 times.

  1. Round roll– While in a seated placement, put a tennis-sized sphere under one foot and roll it backward and forward for 3 mins. Do this on both feet 2 to 3 times. Try Dr. Scholl’s Foot Massage Round for hot or chilly treatment.

4- Enhancing exercises.

Foot roll– While in a standing position, roll your feet so that you’re moving your weight to the beyond your feet while lifting the arches off the flooring. Repeat 10 times.
Calf raise– Base on the staircases with your heels hanging off of one action. Delicately lift your heels and hold for 5 secs. Slowly lower heels back down. Repeat 15 times.
Towel grab– While in a seated placement, position a towel under your feet. Grasp the towel with your toes, pressing your heels against the floor. Hold for 5 seconds. Repeat 10 times.

Adhere to the directions very carefully for all extending and reinforcing exercises. If you experience any type of pain or pain, quit the task and call your healthcare provider.
5- Therapies and therapies.

Cold therapy– To minimize swelling, apply a towel covered cold pack to the bottom of your feet for 10-20 minutes several times a day.
Over-the-counter NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and naproxen can aid reduce pain and swelling.
Corticosteroids may be suggested by a medical professional in order to reduce swelling that causes pain and swelling.
Physical therapy– a physical therapist can help you create an exercise strategy to enhance mobility and lower pain.

While lots of people have the ability to manage signs and symptoms of flat feet by themselves, be sure to see a physician for serious and consistent pain that doesn’t boost.


Scoliosis (σκολιωση) is a sidewards curvature of the spine that most often is diagnosed in adolescents. While scoliosis can happen in individuals with problems such as cerebral palsy and muscle dystrophy, the source of the majority of childhood scoliosis is not known.

Most situations of scoliosis are mild, however some curves aggravate as youngsters expand. Serious scoliosis can be disabling. A particularly severe spinal contour can minimize the quantity of room within the breast, making it challenging for the lungs to operate appropriately.

Children that have mild scoliosis are kept track of closely, generally with X-rays, to see if the contour is getting worse. In most cases, no treatment is needed. Some kids may require to put on a brace to stop the curve from worsening. Others might require surgical treatment to straighten out more serious curves.
Products & Providers.


Signs of scoliosis might consist of:.

Uneven shoulders.
One shoulder blade that shows up a lot more prominent than the other.
Uneven midsection.
One hip greater than the other.
One side of the rib cage sticking out ahead.
An importance on one side of the back when bending ahead.

With most scoliosis cases, the spinal column will certainly rotate or turn along with curving side to side. This causes the ribs or muscular tissues on one side of the body to protrude farther than those on the other side.
When to see a physician.

Go to your healthcare carrier if you discover indicators of scoliosis in your kid. Mild curves can establish without you or your youngster understanding it due to the fact that they appear progressively and usually do not create discomfort. Periodically, educators, pals and sports colleagues are the very first to observe a youngster’s scoliosis.


Health care service providers do not recognize what causes one of the most common type of scoliosis– although it shows up to include genetic variables, because the condition sometimes runs in families. Less usual kinds of scoliosis might be triggered by:.

Particular neuromuscular problems, such as spastic paralysis or muscle dystrophy.
Birth defects affecting the development of the bones of the back.
Previous surgical procedure on the chest wall as a baby.
Injuries to or infections of the back.
Spinal cord irregularities.

Risk variables.

Danger elements for creating one of the most usual sort of scoliosis consist of:.

Age. Symptoms and signs usually start in adolescence.
Sex. Although both young boys and women develop mild scoliosis at about the very same price, women have a much greater threat of the contour intensifying and requiring treatment.
Family history. Scoliosis can run in family members, however many children with scoliosis do not have a family history of the illness.


While most people with scoliosis have a moderate form of the problem, scoliosis might in some cases trigger difficulties, consisting of:.

Breathing problems. In severe scoliosis, the chest may press versus the lungs, making it harder to take a breath.
Back troubles. Individuals who had scoliosis as kids might be most likely to have chronic pain in the back as grownups, particularly if their curves are big and untreated.
Look. As scoliosis worsens, it can create a lot more recognizable adjustments– including irregular hips and shoulders, prominent ribs, and a change of the waistline and trunk sideways. People with scoliosis frequently end up being uneasy regarding their look.